- High standards of education
- Internationally recognized degrees
- Modern campuses with outstanding facilities
- Cultural diversity
- Safe and affordable education
- A warm and friendly environment
- The Turkish Educational System
The Turkish National Educational System is composed of two main sections: formal and non-formal education. Formal Education means the school system and thus includes the higher education which will be the focus of this guide. Non- formal education includes all the activities organized outside or alongside the school.The formal education includes:
PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION: Optional education held in kindergartens and such, up to 6 years of age.
PRIMARY EDUCATION: Compulsory for eight years, 6-14 years of age.
SECONDARY EDUCATION: High School or vocational High School, 15-17/18 years of age.
HIGHER EDUCATION: This category includes all educational institutions which will provide post- secondary education.
Higher Education in Turkey
In Turkey, the higher education institutes will provide at least two years of higher education and educate students for associate's, bachelor's, master's or doctorate degree levels. Institutions of higher education consist of universities, faculties, institutes, schools of higher education, conservatories, vocational schools of higher education and application-research centers.
Turkish universities provide high level specialized education in various fields for students who have completed secondary education. Escalation of higher education to live up to the fully globalizing world, in terms of both quality and quantity, has been adopted as the primary goal. The plans and programs made have always reflected this perception. Universities comprising several units are established by the state and by law as public corporations having autonomy in teaching and research. Furthermore, institutions of higher education, under the supervision and control of the state, can also be established by private foundations in accordance with procedures and principles set forth in the law provided that they are non-profit in nature.
As in many other parts of the world University is the principal higher education institution in Turkey. It possesses academic autonomy and a public legal personality. It is responsible for carrying out high level educational activities, scientific research and publications. Each university consists of faculties and four-year schools, offering bachelor's level programs, the latter with a vocational emphasis, and two-year vocational schools offering pre-bachelor's (associate's) level programs of a strictly vocational nature.
Graduate-level programs consist of master's and doctoral programs, coordinated by institutes for graduate studies. Master's programs are specified as "with thesis" or "without thesis" programs, both at a minimum of two years. "With thesis" master's programs consist of a specified course completion followed by a submission of a thesis whereas "without thesis" programs consist of completion of graduate courses and a term project. Access to doctoral programs requires a master's degree. Doctoral programs have a duration at least four years which consists of completion of courses, passing doctoral qualifying examination, and preparing and defending a doctoral thesis. Medical specialty training programs equivalents to doctoral level programs are, however, carried out within the faculties of medicine and the training hospitals owned by the Ministry of Health and the State Social Insurance Organization. Universities are free to determine the number of students to be admitted to graduate-level programs, as well as admission requirements, and the curricula and degree requirements of such programs, in line with the general rules and regulations adopted by the Interuniversity Council.